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    • September 25, 2017 2:47 AM EDT
    • Thanks for sharing

    • July 16, 2017 3:44 PM EDT
    • Most commonly the problem of heartburn is caused by the kind of foods that we eat. Having unhealthy and fatty foods can increase the production of acid in your stomach. It also slows down the digestion process which in turn causes heartburn. People who suffer from acid reflux or heartburn should try to find out that which food items can increase this problem so that they can avoid any such food. To make it easier for you, here is a list of some food items which can generally cause heartburn:
      • Fruits: Citrus fruits, such as orange, lemon can cause the production of acid. Other than these, the juices of grapefruit and cranberry can also increase the problem of heartburn.
      • Vegetables: tomato is one vegetable which is very acidic in nature. Other vegetables such as raw onion, pepper and chilies should also be avoided.
      • Dairy products: Any type of dairy items, such as milk shake, sour cream, ice cream, eggs, cheese also increases the chances of heartburn.
      • Meats: meats are very high in fat content and take a lot of time to digest. Try to avoid meats like beef, Buffalo wings, chicken nuggets etc.
      • Greasy foods: Foods which are fried are not good for your digestive system. It is better to avoid cheeseburgers, French fries and other fast foods which are fried.
      • Beverages: Excessive intake of alcohol, soda and other beverages which contain caffeine, like tea and coffee are the major causes of heartburn.
      • Chocolate: consuming chocolate in any form, be it eating or drinking, is best avoided if you are suffering from heartburn.
      The best way to avoid this problem is to avoid any such food which is high in sugar, fat, spices or caffeine. All these items are known causes of heartburn. Try to eat slowly and have smaller portions to avoid hampering your digestion system.

    • February 17, 2017 7:28 PM EST
    • In a normal heart, electrical signals use only one path whilst moving through the heart. This is the atrio-ventricular or A-V node. As the electrical signal moves from the hearts upper chambers (the atria) to the lower chambers (the ventricles), it causes the heart to beat. For the heart to beat properly, the timing of the electrical signal is important.

      If there is an extra conduction pathway, the electrical signal may arrive at the ventricles too soon. This condition is called Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (WPW). It is in a category of electrical abnormalities called "pre-excitation syndromes."
      It is recognized by certain changes on the electrocardiogram, a graphical record of the heart's electrical activity. The ECG will then show that an extra pathway or shortcut exists from the atria to the ventricles.

      Many people with this syndrome have symptoms or episodes of tachycardia (rapid heart rhythm) may also have dizziness, chest palpitations, fainting and, rarely, cardiac arrest. Other people with WPW never have tachycardia or other symptoms. About eight percent of people with symptoms first have them between the ages of eleven and fifty.

      People without symptoms usually don't need treatment. People with episodes of tachycardia can often be treated with medication. But sometimes such treatment doesn't work. If the treatment doesn’t work they will need to do something else.

      The most common procedure used to interrupt the abnormal pathway, is radiofrequency or catheter ablation. In this, a flexible tube called a catheter is guided to the place where the problem exists.

      Then that tissue is destroyed with radiofrequency energy, stopping the electrical pathway. Successful ablation ends the need for medication. Whether a person will be treated with medication or with an ablation procedure depends on several factors. These include the severity and frequency of symptoms, risk for future arrhythmias and patient preference.

    • February 17, 2017 7:27 PM EST
    • Heart disease is a term that applies to a large number of medical conditions relating to the heart. These medical conditions relate to the abnormal health conditions that directly affect the heart and all its components. Heart disease is a major health problem within some cultures.

      One theory for heart disease is the radical changes within our lifestyles. People are often less active and eat diets high in fats. Takeaway food is abundant today and often people will eat it due to the increased availability. Some takeaway outlets are now helping cater to a healthier lifestyle by offering a variety of healthy dishes such as salads. People are becoming more aware of the risk of heart disease and choosing to change their diets.
      Exercise is extremely important in order to avoid heart disease. Exercise helps to keep the heart in peak performance. By using a combination of exercise and a balanced diet, the risk of heart disease is greatly decreased.

      The term Cardiovascular Disease covers a large number of diseases that directly affect the heart and the blood vessel system. It especially affects the veins and arteries that lead to and from the heart. Research has suggested that women who suffer with cardiovascular disease usually suffer from forms that affect the blood vessels. While men usually suffer from forms that affect the heart muscle itself. Other known or associated causes of cardiovascular disease include diabetes mellitus, hypertension and hypercholesterolemia.
      Heart disease and strokes are other common cardiovascular diseases. Two independent risk factors that have a major impact for heart diseases, cardiovascular diseases, are high blood pressure and high blood cholesterol.

      Now day’s heart disease does not have to be a death sentence. There are healthy lifestyle choices that can be made and science has come a long way in the early detection of heart disease.

    • February 17, 2017 7:27 PM EST
    • Heart disease is a global problem that affects both rich and poor countries. Tachycardia is one of many medical health conditions that relate to the heart. In a normal adult, the average heart beat is sixty to one hundred beats per minute. A heart beating above one hundred beats per minute is called Tachycardia (the heart is pumping too fast). This condition can occur naturally, such as when you are exercising resulting in the heart rate being accelerated Tachycardia can also cause life threatening and serious heart problems.
      There are a variety of ways in which the heart normally increases its tempo. These include exercise, fever or if the person is anxious or excited.

      Problems with the heart that can cause tachycardia are varied.

      Atrial Fibrillation is an abnormal pattern where the right and left atria (upper heart chambers) are contracting irregularly thus making the heart beat faster.

      Mistral Valve Prolapse is when one of the valves in the heart has a mid deformity, thus causing a fast heart rate.

      Ventricullar fibrillation is the most serious type of tachycardia. This is the most serious type of tachycardia. The heart beats in an irregular rhythm and very fast. The ventricles contract (squeezing) chaotically, that prevents the heart from pumping. When this happens, the blood circulation stops. Sometimes the episodes are brief and subside really quickly. The majority of times, ventricular fibrillation require immediate medical treatment to prevent any the brain from being damaged and preventing death.

      The main symptom of any type of Tachycardia is a fast heartbeat. Other symptoms requiring medical treatment may include lightheadedness, fainting, nausea, cold sweat, shortness of breath and chest pain.

      These symptoms can be caused by any type of tachycardia, ranging from mild to severe. Please contact your doctor if you are having any of these other symptoms in addition to the fast heartbeat.

    • February 17, 2017 7:25 PM EST
    • Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) involves damage to or blockage in the blood vessels distant from your heart, the peripheral arteries and veins. The peripheral arteries and veins carry blood to and from arm and leg muscles plus the organs in and below the stomach area. PVD may also affect the arteries leading to your head. The main forms PVD may take include blood clots, swelling (inflammation), or narrowing and blockage of the blood vessels.

      Diseases of the arteries may lead to Arterial Blockage, Aortic aneurysms, Buerger’s Disease and Raynaud’s’s phenomenon.
      Disease of the veins may lead to Venous Blood Clots, Pulmonary embolism, Phlebitis or Varicose veins.

      Arterial Blockage – similar to the coronary arteries, the peripheral arteries can become blocked by plaque.

      What causes arterial blockage? PVD can result from a condition known as atherosclerosis (a waxy substance forms inside of the arteries). This substance is called plaque. It is made of cholesterol, fats, calcium, and a blood-clotting material called fibrin.
      When enough plaque builds up on the inside of an artery, the artery becomes clogged, and then blood flow is either slowed or stopped. The slowed blood flow may cause "ischemia," which means the body's cells are not getting enough oxygen.

      While clogged coronary arteries (arteries supplying the heart with blood) may lead to a
      heart attack, and clogged carotid arteries (arteries supply the head with blood) may lead to a stroke. Clogged peripheral arteries in the lower part mostly cause pain and cramping in the legs.

      The risk factors for atherosclerosis in the peripheral arteries are the same as those for atherosclerosis in the coronary arteries. Smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol are believed to lead to the development of plaque.
      Patients may feel pain in their calves, thighs, or buttocks, depending on where the blockage is. Usually, the amount of pain felt is a sign of how severe the blockage is.
      For any chest pain it is wise to see your doctor.

    • February 17, 2017 7:24 PM EST
    • The pericardium is a thin, sac-like covering (a membrane) that surrounds the heart. The outer layer of the pericardium surrounds the roots of the heart's major blood vessels. Ligaments attach this layer to their spinal column, diaphragm, and other parts of the body. The inner layer of the pericardium is attached to the heart muscle. A coating of fluid separates the two layers of membrane, letting the heart move as it beats, yet still be attached to the body.

      Pericarditis is inflammation of the pericardium. When Pericarditis occurs the amount of fluid between the two layers of the pericardium increases. This increased fluid presses on the heart and restricts its pumping action.

      What are the symptoms? The main symptom of Pericarditis is a sharp, stabbing pain in the center or the left side of the chest. (In some cases, the pain may be dull.) The pain may spread to the neck or left shoulder and can worsen when you take a deep breath. The pain is usually lessened if you are sitting up or leaning forward and can worsen when you lie down. Other symptoms may include fever, cough, pain when swallowing, trouble breathing or overall feeling of sickness.

      Pericarditis occurs most often in men between the ages of 20 and 50 years old. In most cases, the cause of Pericarditis is unknown

      Pericarditis can occur from:

      • A viral, bacterial, or fungal infection.
      • A heart attack.
      • Cancer that has spread from a nearby tumor.
      • Radiation treatment for some types of cancer.
      • Injury to the chest, esophagus (food pipe), or heart.
      • Use of certain kinds of medicines to suppress your immune system.

      Pericarditis can also occur in patients who have rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, kidney failure, leukemia, HIV, or AIDS.

      For any chest pain, it may be wise to consult a doctor.

    • February 17, 2017 7:23 PM EST
    • Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is still amongst the more common heart diseases; although it remains something of a puzzle. Now although MVP affects around two percent of the population, the cause is still unknown and has scientist wanting to know what does cause it. MVP often occurs in people who have no other heart problems, and the condition may be inherited.

      The mitral valve is located in the heart between the upper-left chamber (the left atrium) and the lower-left chamber (the left ventricle). The mitral valve consists of two flaps called leaflets.

      In normal operation the leaflets open and close in a specific sequence. This allows the blood to flow in one direction, from the atrium to the ventricle. The left ventricle is the heart's main pumping chamber and pushes oxygen-rich blood into the arteries, which carry the blood throughout the body.
      In patients with MVP, one or both of the leaflets are enlarged, and the leaflets' supporting muscles are too long. Instead of closing evenly, one or both of the leaflets collapse or bulge into the atrium sometimes allowing small amounts of blood to flow back into the atrium. By listening to the heart with a stethoscope, the doctor may hear a "clicking" sound caused by the flapping of the leaflets.

      Sometimes, MVP leads to a condition known as mitral regurgitation or mitral insufficiency. This means a large amount of blood is leaking backward through the defective valve. Mitral regurgitation can lead to the thickening or enlargement of the heart wall. This is caused by the extra pumping the heart must do to make up for the backflow of blood. It sometimes causes people to feel tired or short of breath. Mitral regurgitation can usually be treated with medicines, and some people need surgery to repair or replace the defective valve.

    • February 17, 2017 7:22 PM EST
    • The heart is the center of the body’s cardiovascular system. Throughout the body's blood vessels, the heart pumps blood to all of the body's cells. The blood carries oxygen, which the cells need. Heart disease is a group of medical problems that occur when the heart and blood vessels aren't working the way they should.

      How Do You Get Heart Disease?

      Heart disease is not contagious so it cannot be caught like the common cold or the everyday flu. There are certain things that can increase a person's chances of getting cardiovascular disease, also known as Heart disease. These are commonly known as risk factors.
      Some of these risk factors a person are not able to do anything about, such as getting older or having people in their family who have the same heart problem. Risk factors such as smoking, high blood pressure, being overweight, and not exercising enough can increase the risk of getting heart disease.

      What Are the Signs of Heart Disease?

      Many people do not realize they have cardiovascular disease. Often it isn’t known until they have a chest pain, a heart attack, or stroke. These kinds of problems often need immediate attention and the person may need to go to the emergency department of a hospital for an assessment.

      If the condition proves not to be an emergency, and a doctor suspects the person could have cardiovascular disease, the doctor can do some tests to find out more about how the heart and blood vessels are working.

      These tests include electrocardiograms. This test records the heart’s electrical activity. The person becomes attached to a monitor and the heartbeat is watched on a machine to see if it is normal or not.

      Cardiovascular disease is a common problem within society as a whole. With better choices in eating, exercising and decreased stress levels, anyone can have a happier and healthy life.

    • February 17, 2017 7:21 PM EST
    • This is a type of heart surgery. It's sometimes called CABG ("cabbage"). The surgery reroutes, or "bypasses," blood around clogged arteries to improve blood flow and oxygen to the heart.

      The arteries that bring blood to the heart muscle (coronary arteries) can become clogged by plaque (a buildup of fat, cholesterol plus other substances). This can then slow or stop blood flow through the heart's blood vessels, leading to chest pain or a heart attack. Increasing blood flow to the heart muscle can relieve chest pain and also reduce the risk of heart attack.

      Surgeons take a segment of a healthy blood vessel from another part of the body, and then make a detour around the blocked part of the coronary artery. An artery may be detached from the chest wall and the open end attached to the coronary artery below the blocked area. Or a piece of a long vein in your leg may be taken. One end is sewn onto the large artery leaving your heart - the aorta. The other end of the vein is attached or "grafted" to the coronary artery below the blocked area.

      Either way, blood can then utilize use this new path to flow freely to the heart muscle.
      A patient may undergo one, two, three or more bypass grafts, depending on how many coronary arteries are blocked.

      Cardiopulmonary bypass with a pump oxygenator (heart-lung machine) is used for most coronary bypass graft operations. This means that besides the surgeon, a team made up of a cardiac anesthesiologist and surgical nurse, a competent perfusionist (blood flow specialist) are required.

      What happens after bypass surgery?
      After surgery, the patient is moved to a hospital bed in the cardiac surgical intensive care unit. Heart rate and blood pressure monitoring devices continuously monitor the patient for 12 to 24 hours.